Anger or rage (mênis, thumos, orgê) is an emotion, a mixture of belief and desire. It is not a somatic feeling, as nausea and giddiness are, though it is usually accompanied by such feelings – trembling and blushing, for example, and the sense of seeing red. It is, in Aristotle’s definition, ‘a desire, accompanied by pain, to take apparent revenge for apparent insult’.
Anger is triggered by insult, then, and so is connected to worth (aretê) and to honour (timê). A person is insulted when the treatment he receives is worse than the treatment his worth entitles him to receive.
Heroes must learn to control their anger, to be propitiated, to recognise that they’re mortal beings destined to suffer.
Wie lernt man zu verzeihen? Und warum sind einige von uns wütend, ohne dass sie jemand gekränkt hat? Sind wir denn so unhöflich, dass wir nicht einmal jene Vorarbeit abwarten wollen, die unsere Mitmenschen so zuverlässig abliefern?